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England & Wales Census 1861
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About England and Wales Census 1861
This is a full index to digitised images of the complete 1861 Census records for all counties in England and Wales. It's searchable by name, age, birth place, parish and county.

Geographic coverage
It covers all counties of England and Wales, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands.

Contents of the original 1861 census returns
The census is organised by property and household(s) within that property. For every property the following information is given:
  • Road, street, town or village and number or name of property
    - Rural properties may simply be referred to as, for example, "Cottage"
  • Whether inhabited
For inhabited properties, each household is given a
  • Schedule No
    - Each household filled in a census form, and this number refers to that form. If there are multiple households within a property, each household will have a different Schedule No.
For each person in a household the following is given:
  • Forename and surname
  • Relation to Head of Family
  • Condition [as to marriage]
    - ie married (usually abbreviated to "Mar" or similar), unmarried (usually abbreviated "Unm" or similar), or widowed ("W")
  • Age
    - For babies this may be given as days ("D"), weeks ("W") or months ("M").
    - There are separate columns for age of males and age of females. This has been been taken into consideration when capturing the index data, so allowing you to be able search on sex.
  • Occupation
  • Where born
    - Town and county or country
  • Whether blind or deaf and dumb
A convention is used to separate entries for one house and also multiple households within one house. You will see small diagonal line just before some forenames. A double line separate houses; a single line separates households within a house.

For more information about place, people and reference data, see About England and Wales Census 1861