|England & Wales Census 1871
About England and Wales Census 1871
This is a full index to digitised images of the complete 1871 Census records for all counties in England and Wales. It's searchable by name, age, birth place, parish and county.
Contents of the original 1871 census returns
The census is organised by property and household(s) within that property. For every property the following information is given:
For inhabited properties, each household is given a
- Road, street, town or village and number or name of property
- Rural properties may simply be referred to as, for example, "Cottage"
- Whether inhabited
For each person in a household the following is given:
- Schedule No
- Each household filled in a census form, and this number refers to that form. If there are multiple households within a property, each household will have a different Schedule No.
See an example of the returns
- Forename and surname
- Relation to Head of Family
- Condition [as to marriage]
- ie married (usually abbreviated to "Mar" or similar), unmarried (usually abbreviated "Unm" or similar), or widowed ("W")
- For babies this may be given as days ("D"), weeks ("W") or months ("M").
- There are separate columns for age of males and age of females. This has been been taken into consideration when capturing the index data, so allowing you to be able search on sex.
- Where born
- Town and county or country
- Whether deaf and dumb, blind, imbecile or idiot, or lunatic
A convention is used to separate entries for one house and also multiple households within one house. You will see small diagonal line just before some forenames. A double line separate houses; a single line separates households within a house. See, for example, Schedule No 64 & 65 on the example page.
For more information about place, people and reference data, see About England and Wales Census 1871