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England & Wales Census 1891
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About England and Wales Census 1891
This is a full index and digitised images of the original 1891 Census records for all counties in England and Wales.

Contents of the original 1891 census returns
The census is organised by property and household(s) within that property. For every property the following information is given:
  • Road, street, town or village and number or name of property
    - Rural properties may simply be referred to as, for example, "Cottage"
  • Whether inhabited
For inhabited properties, each household is given a
  • Schedule No
    - Each household filled in a census form, and this number refers to that form. If there are multiple households within a property, each household will have a different Schedule No.
For each person in a household the following is given:
  • Forename and surname
  • Relation to Head of Family
  • Condition [as to marriage]
    - ie married (usually abbreviated to "Mar" or similar), unmarried (usually abbreviated "Unm" or similar), or widowed ("W")
  • Age
    - For babies this may be given as days ("D"), weeks ("W") or months ("M").
    - There are separate columns for age of males and age of females. This has been been taken into consideration when capturing the index data, so allowing you to be able search on sex.
  • Occupation
  • Where born
    - Town and county or country
  • Whether deaf and dumb, blind, imbecile or idiot, or lunatic
A convention is used to separate entries for one house and also multiple households within one house. You will see small diagonal line just before some forenames. A double line separate houses; a single line separates households within a house.

Place name information A variety of place name data can appear on the header for each census page. The most useful ones are probably the following:
  • Civil parish: This should in theory always be present, though the person who originally completed the records often missed this out. (We have tried to ensure that the index records always contain the parish.) However, if the parish name is missing from the header on the census record pages it can usually be determined from the description within the Registration District Details.
  • Town, Village or Hamlet: The actual name of the place
In addition, other types of place names may appear (see below), but these will probably not be of great value in most cases.

For crews of Vessels and residents of Institutions there are slightly different forms. However for many institutions the entries have been made on the normal (household forms). You can search for inmates of institutions and for vessel crew members just like the occupiers of any other place. But in these cases, the address field will contain the name of the institution or the name of the vessel. In the case of vessels, the home port is also given.

Registration District Details These details, which appear at the start of each set of census records, give the Registration District, Registration Sub-district, Enumeration District Number, and a written description of what area the district covers (parish, towns, etc).

For more information see About England and Wales Census 1891